Types Of Coffee Makers
There are many different types of coffee makers on the market. All of them produce delicious coffee.
When choosing a coffee maker, you have to prioritize which is more important to you: your time, the ease of preparing a drink and caring for the unit, or the ability to brew specific coffee drinks with predictable results. It also matters how many family members or friends want a cup of coffee at the same time.
Let’s consider the different types of coffee makers and their features.
French Press Coffee Maker
The French press was invented in 20th-century France. It consists of a beaker, a lid, and a piston with a filter. With a French press, you can brew tea or coffee by infusion. The basic design of the device has not changed much since its invention, though modern French presses are made from better materials: glass, stainless steel, and plastic.
Coffee connoisseurs believe that the properties of coffee beans are well revealed when using a French press. The taste of French press coffee is intense and rich.
A French press is a good way to brew delicious coffee at work and at home if you do not have a standard coffee maker or coffee machine. The press is convenient and makes brewing coffee and tea a relatively quick process.
The Most Common Way to Brew at Home With a French Press
It is best to use a light roast, coarsely ground. If you are using 8.8oz (260 ml) of water, you should use about 3 teaspoons (17 grams) of coffee. When brewing with a French press, you should not boil the water. The water temperature should be around 80 degrees Celsius. At this temperature, you will most effectively extract the coffee without burning it.
After pouring the water and ground coffee into the beaker, gently stir and then close the lid. Don’t touch the piston yet. After about 4 minutes, slowly lower the piston to separate the grounds from the brewed coffee, and your drink is ready to serve! Don’ be afraid to experiment. You can add spices to the coffee grounds before brewing for an even more delicious drink!
AeroPress Coffee Maker
The AeroPress was created in the mid-2000s by Stanford University inventor, engineer, and professor Alan Adler. The AeroPress is made of plastic and works very quickly. You install a paper filter, pour ground coffee and hot water into the plastic flask, then insert the piston and push it down.
This is usually considered an immersion method, but the actual brewing time is very short. The piston pushes the water through the filter, and after sixty seconds you have a rich, incredibly smooth drink.
Though you can only brew a cup or two at a time, the AeroPress brews coffee quickly, and it's cheap, durable, portable, and easy to clean. It’s great for travel.
Additionally, a variety of filters can be used to change the taste of the final product. A metal filter allows oils to penetrate into the drink to a greater extent than a paper filter. The result is a rich cup of full-bodied coffee.
AeroPress’s recognition is growing year after year in the United States. There are even worldwide AeroPress brewing competitions.
The Aeropress is an amazingly versatile coffee maker. You can experiment with different grind sizes, water-to-coffee ratios, filters, and brewing times, and you will always get excellent results.
Cold Brew Coffee Maker
Cold-brew coffee is a trend that is gaining momentum every year. It has a soft texture and tastes so good that it’s easy to drink without sugar or milk. It’s a delicious, refreshing, and slightly intoxicating drink that reveals subtle nuances of taste.
Traditional iced coffee is obtained by pouring hot-brewed coffee over ice, but the cold-brew method does not use any heat during brewing, which leads to a rich and saturated drink.
There are many ways to make cold brew coffee. Usually, it’s done in a large plastic container, where the coffee brews for 12 to 24 hours. The resulting concentrate is then strained through a filter. Then the concentrate is stored in the refrigerator and diluted with cold water when it’s time to serve.
Some cafes have even invented a unique storage method: they put cold brew coffee in barrels and serve it as if it was draft beer.
Making good espresso is a real skill. It requires high-quality equipment and excellent, freshly roasted, freshly ground coffee beans.
Every step of the process is important, from the grinding to extraction time. Everything must be perfectly accurate.
Espresso machines work by pushing water through a compact disk of ground coffee at high pressure. The result is a highly concentrated, rich, aromatic drink. It’s customary to enjoy an espresso in its pure form, without adding anything.
Espresso is easy to ruin, so it’s important to choose a good espresso machine. A great espresso machine costs a lot of money, but it’s worth it. If you pay for the best, you’ll get the best drink.
The first espresso machine appeared in 1901. Now there are several different types of espresso machines. Some are complex, some are portable, and some just require you to press one button to make the perfect espresso.
Types of Espresso Machines
Manual lever espresso machine requires you to control all tasks, including tamping, pressurization, and water flow. They are great for experienced espresso lovers who are very picky about their espresso and love to do things from scratch.
Semi-automatic machine controls the pressure, but allows you to control the amount of water that you want to use.
Automatic espresso machine controls pressure and the amount of water used. Some have built-in coffee grinders. They are ideal for people who would like to make espresso without much hassle.
Super-automatic machine does everything for you; all you have to do is select the type of espresso you want and the machine will automatically grind the right amount of beans and dispense the drink according to the pre-programmed settings. This type of machine is great for those who want press-and-go espresso.
Pod espresso machine makes espresso and coffee drinks using capsules that contain pre-measured amounts of coffee grounds. Most capsule machines require you to select the amount of beverage you want, but some modern machines detect a barcode on the capsule and automatically brew the ideal volume. This type of machine is suitable for people who want to make a cup of espresso without much effort.
The Moka pot, created in the 1930s, is one of the most successful fusions of Italian form and function.
Today, almost every Italian and Latin American home has one or more Moka pot coffee makers.
These are sometimes classified as steam espresso coffee makers, but Moka pots do not formally brew espresso.
Nevertheless, they work in a similar way: water passes through ground coffee under pressure—just not from top to bottom. In a Moka pot, water moves from bottom to top and under much less pressure than an espresso machine.
A small metal Moka coffee machine consists of two chambers with a filter basket in between. The lower chamber is for water, and the filter basket is for ground coffee.
When the water heats up, steam pressure moves it through an opening in the filter basket. Then the finished drink rises into the upper chamber.
Making coffee in a Moka pot is quite simple, but the taste of the final product can be a little dirty, and the drink itself is often re-extracted because it is so easy to overheat.
Moka is still a rather controversial device in the coffee world. It can make a very nice cup of coffee, but often it’s not, so it’s preferable to use another coffee maker.
Turkish Coffee Maker (Cezve or Ibrik)
Turkish coffee is cooked on the stove or over hot sand in a small pot called a cezve or ibrik.
This method produces very strong unfiltered coffee.
Some people like to add sugar or other spices, such as cinnamon or cardamom, directly to the cezve during brewing, which gives the coffee a unique taste.
Like espresso, Turkish coffee is served in a small cup. The brewing principle is simple: the water is mixed with very finely ground coffee and heated, but not boiled. The coffee is then poured into a cup where the grounds settle to the bottom.
Siphon Coffee Maker
One of America's most fashionable trends in making coffee is the siphon or vacuum coffee maker.
In fact, for a long time, the siphon was a home coffee maker not only in Europe, but even here in the United States.
Siphon coffee makers are beautiful, and the process of brewing with them is just magical.
A siphon coffee maker consists of two chambers. Water is poured into the bottom chamber, and coffee grounds are placed in the top chamber. When heated, water gradually enters the upper chamber, where it mixes with the ground coffee. Then, due to a vacuum effect, the brewed coffee flows back into the bottom chamber through a filter.
When brewing, remember that a lower temperature allows the coffee to brew more delicately and prevents excessive extraction of the aroma.
This method takes a lot of time and effort, and the coffee maker itself is very fragile. It's also easy to burn yourself on the glass. Many people use oven mitts when brewing with a siphon coffee maker.
Siphon coffee makers come in different forms, with different types of filters and different price ranges, but they all work basically in the same way.
Percolator Coffee Maker
Percolators existed long before drip coffee machines.
They produce delicious coffee with a strong aroma. Some can be used on the stove, while others are electric.
How do you brew coffee with a percolator? Heated water rises through a tube and then rains down over the coffee grounds. The brewed coffee runs back into the boiling water at the bottom of the percolator, and this process happens repeatedly until the brew is as strong as you desire.
Of the advantages of this method is that you can really note a pleasant rich aroma. However, if you do not control the water temperature, then the coffee will have a strong burnt taste.
Drip Coffee Maker
Due to its convenience and ability to make a lot of coffee at a time, this method is one of the most popular in the world. It's highly convenient and practical and is widely available in many different sizes and styles.
How a drip coffee maker works is very simple: cold water is added to the tank and ground coffee is added to the filter. The water heats up and passes through the grounds. The brewed coffee drips into a glass carafe, which stands on a hot plate that keeps the coffee warm.
Remember: the coffee can burn if left on the warming plate for too long.
Pour-Over Coffee Maker
There are several devices that use the pour-over method of brewing coffee, from Melitta plastic or porcelain cone brewers to Chemex glass flasks, but the principle is the same in all.
You pour ground coffee into a conical filter (usually paper, sometimes metal), then slowly pour hot water into the grounds. The water passes through the grounds and filter and flows into a cup or carafe. The final product is delicious and fragrant—provided that you do everything right.
The pour-over method is a fantastic way to reveal the subtle nuances and unique characteristics of different types of coffee. And the popularity of this method is undeniable. Since the early 2000s, cafes have added pour-over coffee makers to their equipment.
This method of making coffee is not new, but its popularity is undeniable. This brewing equipment took its rightful place in the cafe in the 2000s.
Making pour-over coffee is a time-consuming process, and each drink takes a few minutes for the barista to brew.
If you plan to use a pour-over coffee maker at home, then you should definitely observe a skilled barista first. This will let you learn the correct process and try different styles of pour-over coffee.
The original pour-over coffee machine was invented by a German housewife in 1908. This method has become fashionable since the late 2000s, partly thanks to the Japanese Hario V60 and partly thanks to the reappearance of the American Chemex.
Of course, there are a bunch of other Japanese brands—Bee House, Bonmac, Kalita—as well as some non-Japanese brands whose designs and materials are slightly different from each other. You can find a great pour-over coffee maker from any of these brands.
A pour-over coffee make is a relatively inexpensive way to feel like a true coffee expert. This type of coffee maker will allow you to play with the size of the filter and grind, and the pouring speed, to make the perfect cup of coffee.
In addition, various filters are inexpensive, but a variety of filters means that a lot can go wrong. Although they look pretty simple, some pour-over coffee makers require lengthy practice to master.
If you liked pour-over coffee, then you should invest in a kettle with a long, thin, curved spout. This will probably be the most expensive purchase related to the pour-over method.
Currently, there are many other pour-over accessories on the market—stands, carafes, metal filters—but these are not mandatory.
Capsule Coffee Maker
Nespresso, Keurig, Senseo—no matter what brand you're familiar with, each capsule coffee maker works the same: you insert a capsule or pad containing ground coffee into the machine, press a button, and get a good cup of coffee.
Keurig was one of the first brands to introduce capsule machines. This changed the way Americans made drip coffee: a fresh cup of coffee with just the touch of a button.
Most capsule coffee makers have water tanks, so you do not need to add water each time.
How do these machines work? They use pre-ground and measured capsules to deliver a uniform cup of coffee each time. A pre-set amount of hot water passes through the grounds right into your mug. The filter is located in the capsule, so you don’t have to worry about emptying the ground coffee—just throw the capsule into the trash can.
Capsule coffee makers have great benefits—quick preparation, the ability to create a variety of drinks—but also some drawbacks: the coffee may be less tasty than if it was brewed by another method, and the capsules are often more expensive than the coffee beans or grounds used with other methods.
Each coffee maker brews coffee with a unique taste.
If you are a person who needs coffee every day, we strongly recommend purchasing a coffee machine for your home, as you will be able to make delicious coffee and also save a significant amount of money compared to buying coffee in a cafe.
Each coffee maker has its pros and cons. Given the differences between all the types of coffee makers, the "best" coffee machine will vary between people. Before you make a purchase, do research and find out if the coffee maker really suits your needs.